This course presents a detailed study of the lives of the giants of Islam. You will follow their lives from before they accepted Islam to their very last moments. You will learn about their relationship with the Messenger (sullallahu alayhi wa-salam) and what made them his two foremost companions. Their manners and etiquettes are built upon the perfect example of the Messenger and their unique leadership resulted in the Golden Era of Islam.
This course is unique in presenting history because it is based upon the works of some of the best and most authentic historians. You will learn about the controversial events that led to the Sunni Shia divide. You will be able to understand the root cause of this divide and why it still exists today. The focus of the course is to engage in analysis of the major incidents and draw practical benefits from what we learn.
The Messenger (sullallahu alayhi wa-salam) said “Hold onto my sunnah and the sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs” (Abu Dawud)
Ibn al-Jawzi said "The pious predecessors would teach their children the love of Abu Bakr and Umar as they would teach them a surah from the Quran."
“And the foremost of the Muhajireen and the Ansr and those who followed them. Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” (Surat al-Tawbah, 9:100)
1. To understand who Abu Bakr & Umar (radi Allahu anhum) were, their background and their relationship with the Prophet of Allah (sullallahu alayhi wa-salam).
2. To examine the reasons that made these men two of the giants of Islam. To love them: which can only be achieved by knowing them.
3. To examine their manners and methodology in the religious, social, family and political scenes.
4. To examine the various traits that stood out in their character. To study the major events that occurred during their rule as caliph.
5. To examine doubts cast by certain groups (e.g. Orientalists and the Shia) upon Abu Bakr and their reality. To know them, love them, follow them, and defend them and the deen.
6. To know and understand that the history of these men is the history of Islam.
Day One: Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhum)
- Who was Abu Bakr in jahiliyah?
- Abu Bakr the Muslim
- Abu Bakr's hijrah to Madinah
- Abu Bakr in Madinah
- Abu Bakr on the battlefield
- The death of the Messenger (sullallahu alayhi wa-salam)
- Abu Bakr: the rightful successor
- Abu Bakr: the Khalifah
- The issue of inheritance
- Internal affairs of the state
- Judicial process
- The army of Usumah & fighting the apostates
- The fitna of the false prophets
- Compilation of the Quran
- Conquest of Iraq & Sham
- The illness of Abu Bakr & succession of Umar
Day Two: Umar (radi Allahu anhum)
- Umar: the rightly-guided caliph
- Who was Umar in the days of jahiliyyah?
- Umar the Muslim
- Umar's companionship with the Messenger (sullallahu alayhi wa-salam)
- Umar in Madinah
- Umar on the battlefield
- The sickness of the Messenger (sullallahu alayhi wa-salam)
- Umar: the Khalifah
- The principles of Umar's rule
- Life in Madinah
- His relationship with his citizens
- Major differences between Ahl al-Sunnah & the Shariah
- Conquest of Persia
- Conquest of Sham
- Last days of Umar
- Final moments